Skip to content

A NSW Government website

Welcome to the NSW Curriculum website

NSW Curriculum
NSW Education Standards Authority

K–10English K–10 Syllabus

Record of changes
Implementation for K–2 from 2023 and 3–10 from 2024
Expand for detailed implementation advice


Early Stage 1

Reading comprehension
Activating word meaning
  • Recognise familiar vocabulary in a text

  • Use known vocabulary to build a mental model of the content of the text

  • Use known vocabulary to work out or refine the meaning of unknown words

  • Ask or pause to clarify meaning of unknown words

Understanding and connecting sentences
  • Identify words that represent who, what, when, where and why in texts

  • Identify conjunctions in a compound sentence, their meaning and purpose

  • Understand how adjectives describe a noun and verbs identify actions in a sentence

  • Recognise how the position of words in a sentence changes its meaning

Understanding whole text
  • Understand that informative and imaginative texts have different structures, features and forms

Monitoring comprehension
  • Stop reading when a break in comprehension is registered

  • Re-read to check if an error was made

  • Self-correct error using phonic knowledge

  • Ask a question or make a statement to clarify meaning

  • Predict purpose, type of text or topic from title, illustration, image and/or form

  • Clarify own purpose for reading a text

  • Use background knowledge when identifying connections between a text, own life, other texts and/or the world

  • Use visual cues in multimodal texts to interpret meaning

Recalling details
  • Recall key characters, events and/or information in text

  • Recall the sequence of events/information in texts

  • Recount the relevant ideas from the text

  • Use information or events from different parts of the text to form an opinion

Related files