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NSW Curriculum
NSW Education Standards Authority

K–10English K–10 Syllabus

Record of changes
Implementation for K–2 from 2023 and 3–10 from 2024
Expand for detailed implementation advice


Early Stage 1

Print conventions
Features of print
  • Understand that written Standard Australian English uses letters to represent sounds

  • Understand that print contains a message

  • Identify pictures in texts

  • Identify words in a variety of situations in school, the classroom and the environment

  • Know the difference between a letter and a word

  • Distinguish between punctuation, letters, words and numerals in texts

  • Identify spaces between words

  • Identify numerals in texts

  • Identify and name lower- and upper-case letters

  • Recognise symbols, icons and personally significant words in everyday situations and in texts

Directionality of print
  • Show awareness of appropriate orientation of the text being read

  • Locate the front and back of a book and top and bottom of page

  • Turn pages one at a time

  • Begin reading at the top of the page and conclude reading at the bottom of the page

  • Track text left to right and use return sweep

  • Consistently read left page before right page

Related files