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NSW Curriculum
NSW Education Standards Authority

K–10English K–10 Syllabus

Record of changes
Implementation for K–2 from 2023 and 3–10 from 2024
Expand for detailed implementation advice


Early Stage 1

Creating written texts
Text features
  • Create a text including at least 2 related ideas

  • Sequence ideas in a text

  • Include recognisable structural features for text purpose

  • Create written texts that describe, give an opinion, recount an event, convey a story

Sentence-level grammar
  • Identify and use verbs in simple sentences, including in own writing

  • Know that a simple sentence makes sense by itself and is a complete thought represented by a subject and verb

  • Write a simple sentence with correct subject–verb–object structure to convey an idea

  • Recognise a simple sentence in own writing

  • Identify and use nouns in simple sentences, including in own writing

  • Use personal pronouns in own writing

  • Use prepositional phrases to indicate time or place

  • Identify and use time connectives to sequence information and events

  • Experiment with writing compound sentences and recognise that each clause makes meaning by itself

  • Understand that punctuation is a feature of written language and how it impacts meaning

  • Use a capital letter to start a sentence and a full stop to end a sentence

  • Use capital letters when writing proper nouns

  • Use question marks and exclamation marks

Word-level language
  • Explain the purpose of a verb, a noun and an adjective in own writing

  • Intentionally select nouns, verbs, adjectives and articles in own writing

  • Use personal vocabulary, words on display and in mentor texts when constructing sentences

Planning and revising
  • Identify differences between spoken and written language

  • Identify different purposes for writing

  • Use drawing, images or mind maps to support planning and writing

  • Understand they can improve their writing based on feedback from teachers

  • Edit their texts after receiving feedback

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