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NSW Curriculum
NSW Education Standards Authority

K–10English K–10 Syllabus

Record of changes
Implementation for K–2 from 2023 and 3–10 from 2024
Expand for detailed implementation advice


Early Stage 1

Integrated spelling components
  • Combine phonological, phonic, orthographic and morphemic knowledge to spell taught high-frequency irregular words comprising up to 3 phonemes

Phonological component
  • Segment single-syllable words into phonemes as a strategy for spelling

  • Segment multisyllabic words into syllables and phonemes as a strategy for spelling

Orthographic component
  • Spell their own name

  • Know that the digraphs zz, ss, ll, ff and ck do not usually start a word in Standard Australian English

  • Know that words do not usually end with the letter v, and that ve is commonly used

  • Experiment with some vowel digraphs and split digraphs to spell taught high-frequency words and/or personally significant words

Morphological component
  • Add the plural-marking suffix (s) to base nouns that require no change when suffixed

  • Experiment with the tense-marking suffixes to spell familiar base verbs

  • Spell high-frequency compound words and homophones comprising taught graphemes

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