Skip to content

A NSW Government website

Welcome to the NSW Curriculum website

NSW Curriculum
NSW Education Standards Authority

K–10English K–10 Syllabus

Record of changes
Implementation for K–2 from 2023 and 3–10 from 2024
Expand for detailed implementation advice


Stage 2

Reading fluency
Reading automaticity and rate
  • Explain how effortless and accurate word reading, at a pace appropriate for text and purpose, can support reading fluency and comprehension

  • Syllabify, blend grapheme–phoneme correspondences and use morphemic knowledge as strategies for reading words accurately

  • Read multisyllabic words, phrases and continuous texts with accuracy and appropriate rate suited to reading purpose

  • Maintain stamina when reading extended texts

  • Demonstrate use of navigation pathways to support fluency when engaging with print, visual and multimodal texts

  • Explain how prosodic reading involves emphasis, expression, intonation and pausing

  • Adjust voice, tone, volume and pitch reflected by the punctuation in a text, to enhance reading fluency and support comprehension

  • Apply appropriate tone to represent characters' emotions when reading text with dialogue

Monitoring reading fluency
  • Recognise that there are different purposes and audiences for reading and adjust reading rate to suit a text’s purpose

  • Reflect on and compare differences between own oral reading fluency and silent reading fluency

  • Reflect on how adjusting reading rate and prosody supports comprehension and can engage an audience

  • Reflect on stamina for reading sustained texts

  • Monitor and adjust own goals for improving reading fluency

Related files