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NSW Curriculum
NSW Education Standards Authority

K–10English K–10 Syllabus

Record of changes
Implementation for K–2 from 2023 and 3–10 from 2024
Expand for detailed implementation advice


Stage 1

Creating written texts
Text features
  • Write texts that describe, explain, give an opinion, recount an event, tell a story

  • Use a logical order to sequence ideas and events in sentences across a text

  • Group sentences into paragraphs commencing with a topic sentence, followed by other sentences with related ideas

  • Select and use a range of conjunctions to create cohesive texts

  • Use noun/pronoun-referencing across a text

  • Use subject–verb agreement across a text

  • Use appropriate tense across a text

  • Use visual elements to expand meaning in own texts

Sentence-level grammar
  • Write compound sentences using coordinating conjunctions

  • Recognise compound sentences in own writing, knowing that each clause has meaning by itself

  • Use a combination of simple and compound sentences to engage the reader when creating written texts

  • Use noun groups to build descriptions of people and things

  • Use action, saying, relating and sensing verbs to add detail and precision to writing

  • Use adverbs to modify the meaning of verbs and adjectives

  • Use contextually precise prepositional phrases when creating texts

  • Accurately use articles and pronouns in own writing

  • Use time connectives to sequence information and events in texts

  • Experiment with writing complex sentences which include a clause for the main message and dependent clause to elaborate or modify the message

  • Use commas to separate ideas, lists and/or dependent clauses in a sentence

  • Use punctuation, including question marks and exclamation marks, accurately and for effect

  • Use quotation marks for simple dialogue

  • Use possessive apostrophes in own writing

Word-level language
  • Use modifying and qualifying words and words to indicate quantity

  • Use creative wordplay to affect the reader

  • Make intentional word choices to enhance precision of meaning and ideas in a text

Planning and revising
  • Identify the context, audience and purpose for own texts

  • Use knowledge of similarities and differences between imaginative, informative and persuasive texts when planning for writing

  • Use a variety of planning strategies and tools for creating texts

  • Understand that their own texts can be improved by incorporating feedback and editing

  • Re-read and edit their own texts after receiving feedback

  • Use different modes and media to enhance the presentation of texts they have created

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