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NSW Curriculum
NSW Education Standards Authority

K–10English K–10 Syllabus

Record of changes
Implementation for K–2 from 2023 and 3–10 from 2024
Expand for detailed implementation advice


Stage 1

Understanding and responding to literature
  • Identify how the language and form of a text vary according to purpose, audience and mode

  • Identify representations of groups and cultures in a range of texts

  • Recognise ways that settings and situations are represented within texts

  • Create and re-create texts in a range of modes and media using understanding of context

  • Identify the sequence of events that make up a narrative in own and others’ texts

  • Identify patterns in narratives that set up expectation and aid prediction of actions and attitudes

  • Identify and appreciate how key messages in narratives evoke feelings

  • Create and re-create narratives using understanding of narrative features

  • Identify how characters are constructed through different modes and media and through a combination of modes

  • Identify how a character reflects their own or other lived experiences

  • Compare and contrast characters in text

  • Identify how characters can invite positive and negative responses

  • Identify the language, dialogue, actions, images or music that create a reader response to a character

  • Create and re-create characters in texts that demonstrate understanding of character traits

Imagery, symbol and connotation
  • Identify figurative language and wordplay in texts

  • Identify symbols and images in texts, and how they bring deeper meaning

  • Create texts that include symbols, wordplay and figurative language

  • Innovate from studied texts using wordplay and figurative language

Perspective and argument
  • Identify phrases in texts that project opinions

  • Identify how structure and images reinforce ideas

  • Identify and share how their own experience and interests influence opinions and/or interpretations of texts

  • Identify arguments and the intended audience

  • Express preferences for specific texts and authors and recognise the opinions of others

  • Create and re-create texts that include persuasive arguments, using knowledge of text and language features

  • Create paragraphs that contain a single idea, beginning with a topic sentence and including supporting evidence with elaborations

  • Identify cultural representations in a range of texts

  • Express personal responses to the real and imagined worlds that are represented in texts

  • Adapt a well-known text for a different audience and/or purpose

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